Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

What is Cognitive behavioural therapy?

Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is a practical, short-term form of psychotherapy. It helps people to develop skills and strategies for becoming and staying healthy.

CBT focuses on the here-and-nowóon the problems that come up in day-to-day life. CBT helps people to examine how they make sense of what is happening around them and how these perceptions affect the way they feel.

CBT:

  • is structured
  • is time-limited (usually 6-20 sessions)
  • is problem-focused and goal-oriented
  • teaches strategies and skills
  • is based on a proactive, shared therapeutic relationship between therapist and client

How does Cognitive behavioural therapy work?

In CBT, clients learn to identify, question and change the thoughts, attitudes and beliefs related to the emotional and behavioural reactions that cause them difficulty.

By monitoring and recording thoughts during upsetting situations, people learn that how they think can contribute to emotional problems such as depression and anxiety. CBT helps to reduce these emotional problems by teaching clients to:

  • identify distortions in their thinking
  • see thoughts as ideas about what is going on, rather than as facts
  • stand back from their thinking to consider situations from different viewpoints.

Who can Cognitive behavioural therapy benefit?

There has been a lot of research on CBT. Evidence suggests that it is particularly effective in treating anxiety and depression. CBT has also been tailored to other specific problems.

For example, CBT is also used to treat:

  • bipolar disorder
  • eating disorders
  • generalized anxiety disorder
  • obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • panic disorder
  • posttraumatic stress disorder
  • schizophrenia and psychosis
  • specific phobias
  • substance use disorders.
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